An art movement sprang in Bronx, New York City, during the early 1970s, reflecting the effects of post-industrial decline, rapidly changing economy, and political discourse. Hip Hop has four historical elements that have been carried on for years. MCing, also known as rapping, DJing, Breakdancing, and Graffiti, derived it from the urban culture. Hip Hop is a multidisciplinary phenomenon became evident in the Cultural History of the Black community. The visual art movement–also known as “subway graffiti.” in a way that helped Hip Hop community become recognized among international galleries even before the aspect of music rose. Several contemporary painters transitioned the city’s train lines to SoHo, Bronx and Lower East Side galleries that earned notable recognitions.
Jean-Michel Basquiat, who soon became one of the most successful Black Artist in American history, contributed significantly to this subculture movement through his artworks. Together with those creatives mentioned earlier, collaboration existed amongst them that carved a place in the New York galleries.
Since the early 1970s, South Bronx became the center of Hip Hop artistic components expanded to Harlem and Brooklyn. By then, the Hip Hop culture’s four elements–as mentioned earlier was formed. Consequently, It became prominent when Afrika Bambaataa and the Zulu Nation, a Bronx-based community group, commercialized its music and journalized the movement.
By 1979, Sugarhill Gang released their breakaway smash entitled “Rapper’s Delight,” which followed this musical genre’s rise. The Sugar Hill broke the record, airing wide open on American top-40 radio. It sold two million copies in the States, went to number four on Billboard’s Hot Soul chart and number 38 on its Hot 100, and netted Sugar Hill Records $3.5 million. It became famous for its culture and expression in the late ’70s as a social-political empowerment movement.
Over the years, several iconic artists made significant contributions, such as Kurtis Blow, Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five, The Fearless Four, Rammellzee and K-Rob (produced by Jean-Michel Basquiat), Roxanne Shante, Kool Moe Dee, Salt-N-Pepa, Heavy D and The Boyz, MC Lyte, Run-DMC, LL Cool J, Big Daddy Kane, Queen Latifah, Eric B & Rakim, Too Short, Beastie Boys, Public Enemy, 2 Live Crew, Chubb Rock, Boogie Down Productions featuring KRS-One, De La Soul, the Geto Boys, NWA, Ice Cube, A Tribe Called Quest, X Clan, Black Sheep, Brand Nubian and Cypress Hill – to name a few. Their exceptional and dominating songs were conceived within 10-years reaping the “Golden Age” of Hip Hop.
Hip Hop founded itself as a domineering force globally in fashion, music, language, and visual art – especially the “street art” movement evident through western contemporary arts. Rap music bridged the gap between instrumentation and spoken poetry; it became more engaged and outspoken; thus, connecting back communities even more.
By 1990s, pop music industry developed and expanded its popularity, and so as the rise of superstar talents such as Nas, Dr Dre, Snoop Dogg, DMX, The Pharcyde, The Notorious BIG, 2Pac Shakur, Lil’ Kim, Jay-Z, Eve, Eminem, OutKast, Goodie Mob, The Roots, Fugees, Black Star featuring Talib Kweli and Mos Def and Lauryn Hill. Its creative ethos gave birth to contemporary R&B music and artists such as Mary J Blige, Soul II Soul, Erykah Badu, Bobby Brown, D’Angelo and Jill Scott. This also paved the way for branding and endorsement deals with Hip Hop and R&B icons on fashion and related industrial products, which marketed not only retail goods but also the Hip Hop culture wholly.
In the mid-1990s, Hip-Hop became a multi-billion-dollar profit phenomenon. As it arose from an artistic movement that first gained reputation remarkably years earlier, free entertainment for the renowned, ambitiously rich and dynamic youth of some urban communities in America.
Nowadays, Hip Hop’s verbal wag is ever-present in our time via social media. Through streaming, Hip Hop/R&B (now technically became one genre) has been dominating the music community.
According to Forbes, famous Hip Hop billionaires are the Nineties rap music stars Diddy, Jay-Z, Dr Dre and Kanye West. They thrived in the music industry with their excellent savvy in maximizing their charisma and chill that gained interests at the global level. Art movement also grew big in this present time, where the remarkable paintings of Basquiat would auction for $100 million. So with the infamous street-art activist Banksy pops his works at $1 million.
These exceptional events ultimately constructed the spirit of hip-hop culture, inviting people of all hues to participate in and experience the most pervasive comprehensive form of entertainment across the globe in the early twenty-first century. Hip Hop is alive and will forever beat in the stream of beats and colors of this emerging world.